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Symposium: The History of the First IVF Births

Single fathers by choice (SFC) are a relatively new, quite small but growing addition to the many family forms that have burgeoned in the USA and UK since the 1970s (Golombok, 2015: 160–162). SFC created a Facebook group in 2018 with 137 members, they are getting some press attention, including but not limited to single celebrity dads, and social scientific studies are starting to be undertaken (Carone et al., 2017; Graham and Braverman, 2012). Some single men adopt, but as the 21st century progresses, surrogacy, particularly gestational surrogacy (Blake et al., 2016), is becoming a more frequent route. British law, which had restricted parenthood via surrogacy to couples, was changed in 2019 so as not to discriminate against single parents.